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Centos6.0 64位下 MySQL 5.6.11 CMake 安装部署

 2013-04-27 15:38:42 来源:开发学院   
核心提示:一、下载所需软件linux用 wget 下载需要的软件,保存到目录 /usr/local/src 下wget ftp://mirror.switch.ch/mirror/mysql/Downloads/MySQL-5.6/mysql-5.6.11.tar.gzwget http://www.cmake.org/file

一、下载所需软件
linux用 wget 下载需要的软件,保存到目录 /usr/local/src 下

wget ftp://mirror.switch.ch/mirror/mysql/Downloads/MySQL-5.6/mysql-5.6.11.tar.gz

wget http://www.cmake.org/files/v2.8/cmake-2.8.7.tar.gz

mysql 最新的版本都需要cmake编译安装,估计以后的版本也会采用这种方式,所以特地记录一下安装步骤及过程,以供参考。

注意:此安装是默认centos下已经安装了最新工具包,比如GNU make, GCC, Perl, ncurses(其它版本linux安装libncurses5-dev),如果在编译安装过程中发现有缺失的工具包,先yum install 单独下载安装再继续即可。

以下安装中涉及的几点需要提前说明的问题:

1. 所有下载的文件将保存在 /usr/local/src/ 目录下

2. mysql 将以mysql用户运行,而且将加入 service 开机自动运行

3. mysql 将被安装在 /usr/local/mysql/ 目录下

4. mysql 默认安装使用 utf8 字符集

5. mysql 的数据和日志文件保存在 /usr/local/mysql/ 对应目录下

6. mysql 的配置文件保存于/etc//my.cnf

yum -y install gcc gcc-c++ gcc-g77 autoconf automake zlib* fiex* libxml* ncurses-devel libmcrypt* libtool-ltdl-devel* make vim bison

yum –y install vim

yum –y install gcc

yum –y install gcc-c++

yum –y install gcc-g77

yum –y install autoconf

yum –y install automake

yum –y install zlib*

yum –y install fiex*

yum –y install libxml*

yum –y install libmcrypt*

yum –y install libtool-ltdl-devel*

yum -y install make

yum –y install bison

yum -y install ncurses-devel

二. 编译安装 cmake
cd /usr/local/src

tar zxvf cmake-2.8.7.tar.gz

cd cmake-2.8.7

./bootstrap

gmake

gmake install

cd ../

三. 编译安装 MySQL 5.6.11
创建mysql用户及mysql组

#/usr/sbin/groupadd mysql

#/usr/sbin/useradd –r -g mysql mysql

#cd /install

#tar xvf mysql-5.6.11.tar.gz

#cd mysql-5.6.11/

cmake -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/mysql

-DMYSQL_UNIX_ADDR=/usr/local/mysql/data/mysql.sock

-DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8

-DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8_general_ci

-DWITH_EXTRA_CHARSETS=utf8,gbk

-DWITH_PERFSCHEMA_STORAGE_ENGINE=1

-DWITH_FEDERATED_STORAGE_ENGINE=1

-DWITH_PARTITION_STORAGE_ENGINE=1

-DWITH_ARCHIVE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1

-DMYSQL_DATADIR=/usr/local/mysql/data

-DSYSCONFDIR=/usr/local/mysql

-DMYSQL_TCP_PORT=3306

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cmake -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/mysql -DMYSQL_UNIX_ADDR=/usr/local/mysql/data/mysql.sock -DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8 -DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8_general_ci -DWITH_EXTRA_CHARSETS=utf8,gbk -DWITH_PERFSCHEMA_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 -DWITH_FEDERATED_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 -DWITH_PARTITION_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 -DWITH_ARCHIVE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 -DMYSQL_DATADIR=/usr/local/mysql/data -DSYSCONFDIR=/usr/local/mysql -DMYSQL_TCP_PORT=3306

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

make

make install

ln -s /usr/local/mysql/lib/libmysqlclient.so.18 /usr/lib/libmysqlclient.so.18(暂不执行)

[[email protected] mysql-5.6.10]# mkdir -p /usr/local/mysql/data

[[email protected] mysql-5.6.10]# chown -R mysql:mysql /usr/local/mysql/data

[[email protected] mysql-5.6.10]# mkdir -p /var/mysql/log/

[[email protected] mysql-5.6.10]# chown -R mysql:mysql /var/mysql/log/

chmod +w /usr/local/mysql

chown -R mysql:mysql /usr/local/mysql

[[email protected] mysql-5.6.10]#

[[email protected] data]# chown –R mysql:mysql /usr/local/mysql/data/mysql-bin.index(暂不执行)

#cd /usr/loca/mysql/support-files/

#cp my-default.cnf /etc/my.cnf

#cp mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysqld

四. 配置启动MySQL 5.6.10
1. 若有需要请先修改 mysql 的配置文件的参数 my.cnf

vi /etc/my.cnf

[mysqld] 下添加

basedir = /usr/local/mysql

datadir = /usr/local/mysql/data

socket = /usr/local/mysql/data/mysql.sock

pid-file = /usr/local/mysql/data/mysqld.pid

interactive_timeout=28800000

wait_timeout=28800000

lower_case_table_names=1

2.my.cnf mysql 初始化安装

/usr/local/mysql/scripts/mysql_install_db --defaults-file=/etc/my.cnf --basedir=/usr/local/mysql --datadir=/usr/local/mysql/data --user=mysql

3. 将 mysql 加入开机启动

chmod +x /etc/init.d/mysqld

vi /etc/init.d/mysqld (编辑此文件,查找并修改以下变量内容:)

basedir=/usr/local/mysql

datadir=/usr/local/mysql/data

添加mysqld服务

#chkconfig --add mysqld

#chkconfig --level 2345 mysqld on

4. 启动 mysql服务

service mysqld start

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启动 mysql 服务的时候报如下错误:

Fatal error: Can't open and lock privilege tables: Table 'mysql.host' doesn't exist

解决方法:

mysql_install_db --user=mysql 重新初始化数据库即可

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5. 设置root帐号密码

[[email protected] ~]# /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqladmin -uroot password root**

[[email protected] ~]# /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql -uroot -p

Enter password:

Welcome to the MySQL monitor. Commands end with ; or \g.

Your MySQL connection id is 2

Server version: 5.6.11 Source distribution

Copyright (c) 2000, 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its

affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective

owners.

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.


 

Tags:Centos MySQL CMake

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